Height: 7-12 inches
Weight: 3-7 pounds
Life Expectancy: 12-16 years
Color: red, orange, white, cream, brown, blue, black or parti-colored
Coat: double coat consisting of soft, fluffy undercoat and long straight outer coat
General Description: Pomeranians are a small, compact dog breed with a distinct fluffy coat. They have an excess of fur around their neck, giving them a thick ruff that frames their faces. Their pointed ears are set high and stand upright. Their trademark feathered tail is held high and lies curled onto their back. Pomeranians have an alert, intelligent expression that is sometimes described as being fox-like. They have a very animated and energetic disposition, and are natural extroverts. Pomeranians’ high intelligence and their devotion to their owners make them easily trained. They thrive on intellectual stimulation and learning new tricks and commands. Their devotion also make Pomeranians great companion dogs, as they love snuggling and cuddling as much as playing and learning new tricks.
Temperament: Pomeranians are energetic and lively extroverts. They are confident dogs, and at times can be cocky, acting bigger than their size. They are active and curious dogs, and love to explore and investigate their surroundings. They are very smart dogs, but can acquire small dog syndrome and dominance problems is not properly trained. Pomeranians make excellent watchdogs, as they will bark whenever a stranger approaches the house, but have to be trained not to bark excessively, as they can indulge in recreational barking. Despite their lively energy, Pomeranians are very affectionate and devoted to their owners. They are typical lap dogs, and love to curl up and cuddle. Pomeranians are very intelligent dogs, and will be easily trained. This intelligence can also become a problem, if you don’t develop dominance roles from the beginning. If left untrained, you may end up with a little dog who controls you, instead of the other way around. However, if properly trained and given concrete boundaries and limits by a confident pack leader, Pomeranians are delightful and loving pets that are a joy to have in your life.
Grooming: Pomeranians require regular grooming to prevent matting of their long fur. Starting at the head, brush towards the tail and the hair should fall neatly back into place. Their undercoat sheds once for twice a year, but their outer coat shed continuously. This may mean you will need to brush daily to remove any excess fur.
Exercise Needs: Pomeranians will take care of most of their exercise needs by playing and staying active in the house. However, like all dogs, this does not take care of their natural instinct to walk. To fulfill this need, Pomeranians will need a daily walk. Without this daily walk, they will be more likely to display behavior problems.
Health Concerns: patellar luxation, open fontanel, hypoglycemia, shoulder luxation, PRA, entropion, tracheal collapse, PDA, dislocated patella, alipped stifle, heart problems, eye infections, skin irritation, toos decay and early loss